Egipt

General information

Egypt, so grand and spectacular, invites you on an endless journey, by boat on the Nile (the longest river in the world) at dusk,

to admire the most beautiful sights of ancient times.

Visit the Valley of the Kings in Luxor, where Tutankhamun's tomb was discovered and admire the brilliant discoveries of

Egyptian Museum in Cairo.

By boat on the Nile make sure you don't miss Dendara, Edfu or one of the other temples on the shore,

cross Lake Nasser to see Ramses II's masterpiece at Abu Simbel or tread on the desert sands

and discover the traces of some Roman commercial outposts.

"Pharaoh's Land" captivates and delights any tourist, especially since ancient Egypt lives next to an Egypt of skyscrapers, highways,

international hotels, restaurants - westernized, modern.

Located at a crossroads of continents - between Africa, Asia and Europe, Egypt is bordered by the Gaza Strip and Israel to the east, Sudan to the south, Libya to the west,

while the Red Sea (east) and the Mediterranean Sea (north) guard the mainly desert land.

Cairo is the capital of the region and also the most important cultural center of the Arab world, being the largest city in Africa.

It is located in the northeastern part of Egypt, on the banks of the Nile, followed by cities such as Alexandria, Giza, Shubra El-Kheima,

Port Said, Suez, Al-Mahalla al-Kubra, Luxor or Aswan.

The imposing Sahara Desert, which covers a large area of Egypt, is tamed by the Nile River,

which crosses it on an area of 1530 km, forming a spectacular delta near the Mediterranean.

Do I need a visa for Egypt?

• Citizens must have a visa to enter Egypt. They can obtain a 30-day single-entry tourist visa upon arrival at Egyptian airports,

for a fee of $ 25. You can either apply in advance for an online visa or directly at the border.

• A multi-entry visa costs $ 35.

What time is it in Egypt?

• Compared to the time in Romania, Egypt is one hour before, applying the time zone rules UTC + 2 and GMT + 2.

What language is spoken in Egypt?

• Egypt is a country that is part of the Arab world and culture, so the language used on its territory is Arabic.

What to pack for a holiday in Egypt?

• Given that entry into Egypt initially goes through customs, it is important to know that there are regulations for personal items that require payment of customs.

Thus, the laptop, mobile phone, photo or video camera are exempt from taxes.

Also, medicines for personal use and new items should not exceed the value of 100 Egyptian pounds (14 USD),

and perfumes and alcoholic beverages may not exceed one liter. The maximum amount of money allowed to enter or leave Egypt is $ 10,000.

What currency is in Egypt?

• The currency used in Egypt is the Egyptian lira, written £ E or LE. The Egyptian pound is divided into piastres (pt).

Our advice is to recognize the difference between 50 pt and 50 Egyptian pound banknotes, as they are very different in value.

What is the weather like in Egypt?

• Egypt, as impressive as it is warm, assumes an arid tropical climate, which reaches hot temperatures all year round,

except for the city of Alexandria, which enjoys a decent rainfall regime. 

When is it ok to visit Egypt?

• With extremely high temperatures during the summer, Egypt is easier to visit in October-March but also in April-May or September-October,

when the weather is nice.

• The best time to visit Egypt is in the spring. The weather is pleasant, and major attractions such as the Pyramids of Giza,

Aswan and Luxor are still pretty quiet.

You will also benefit from cheaper hotel prices, especially if you are traveling outside the peak season, which is December-February.

• Avoid traveling during Ramadan.

Egypt resorts

• Egypt has many attractions, and the most popular destinations are Sharm el Sheikh and Hurghada, places that tourists prefer to spend time at the beach,

enjoying the sun and the hot sand.

• Sharm el Sheikh, Egypt - The southern coast of the Gulf of Aqaba, between Tiran Island and Ras Mohammed National Park, features some of the most stunning underwater scenery in the world.

The crystal clear waters and an incredible variety of exotic fish coming in and out of the colorful coral reefs have made this place a paradise for diving.

Sharm El Sheikh occupies a privileged position here, being dedicated exclusively to holidays in the sun and the sea, which offers a pleasant atmosphere for families.

• Hurghada, Egypt - The fishing village of Hurghada has recently been transformed into a dense strip of concrete that runs along the coast for more than 20 km.

However, it is a convenient destination for combining a diving holiday with visiting sites in the Nile Valley.

Next to the sea there is another beautiful diving area, and the southern part of the resort and the marina of Sigala

brought back some of the brilliance of the Hurghada.

The most visited cities in Egypt

• When you want to connect to the history of the place, you need to leave your footsteps on the streets of the most important cities in the region.

Thus, discover Cairo, Luxor or Aswan and you will see famous vestiges, which will remain in your soul forever.

• Cairo - a city with a permanent buzz, given the fact that it hosts more than 22 million inhabitants.

Here the calls of the muezzins to prayer are combined with the sound of horns and the noise of tourists who come to admire the most beautiful tourist attractions of the place.

Discover the Egyptian Museum, one of the most important artifact collections in the world, and learn more about Tutankhamun's treasure and the lives of other pharaohs.

Also check the route of the Museum of Islamic Arts, the Al Azhar and Madrassa Mosques, as well as the medieval Khan al Khalili Square,

ideal for souvenirs and for outlining the Egyptian painting.

• Luxor - often called the largest open-air museum in the world, featuring large-scale monuments that have survived the ancient city of Thebes.

Discover the Temple of Amun, the local god of the city of Karnak (Luxor), an archeological site that inspires you at every step.

The western shore of Luxor reveals to you what was once called the Great Necropolis of Millions of Years of the Lords of the Pharaohs.

The Place of Truth or the Valley of the Kings presents 63 magnificent tombs of the pharaohs. Don't miss the Luxor Museum and the Tombs of Seti I and Ramses VI.

• Aswan - located at the northern end of the first cataract, which marks the southern border of Egypt, Aswan has always been a city of great strategic importance.

In ancient times it was a garrison city for military campaigns against Nubia, and its quarries provided the granite used for so many sculptures and obelisks.

Here you can visit the Nubia Museum, which reveals the art, history and culture of the place, being a reminder of what lies at the bottom of Lake Nasser.

Relax on a walk through the Botanical Gardens and learn more about the Abu Ruins. Don't forget to add on the list of activities a visit to the unfinished Obelisk in the region.

Egypt sights

Among the sights, Thebes and its necropolises, the historic center of Cairo,

the iconic pyramids of Giza next to the ancient city of Memphis, the remains of Abu Mena, the important monuments of Abu Simbel and Philae,

St. Catherine's Monastery on Mount Sinai and the Whale Valley (Wadi Al-Hitan)

are today part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site.

But the main reason why Egypt is an attraction for so many tourists of the world is the fact that it hosts secrets of the times

in which the pharaohs ruled.

The impressive pyramids, the fascinating hieroglyphs, the famous tombs of Tutankhamun,

Ramses and other important pharaohs along with the muses and ruins of the temples are just some of the beauties

which tell the story of ancient Egypt.

Egypt - Gastronomy

• Compared to the highly appreciated regional cuisines of Lebanon, Turkey and Iran, Egyptian food is rather fresh, simple, peasant.

Seeds are served baked (for breakfast, lunch or dinner), as a soup or fried in cakes like ta'amiyya (Egyptian falafel).

Egyptians love lamb kebabs, grilled chicken, pigeons and kofta (grilled meat pies), while fish comes from the Mediterranean and Red Seas or the Nile.

• The cities of Cairo, Alexandria, Luxor and the Red Sea have a wide variety of food options. Far from the main centers, the choices are more limited.

• Cafes are usually open most of the day and night, serving only drinks and shisha, no food.

• Street food involves quick and fresh basic ingredients at local prices.

• Egypt has a variety of national dishes. Ful (bean paste), tahini (sesame paste), koushari (lentils, macaroni, rice and chickpeas), aish baladi

(pita bread) or pieces of grilled lamb are the most popular.

• Some consider kushari, a mixture of rice, lentils and macaroni, to be the national dish. Ful medames is also one of the most popular dishes.

Bean beans are also used to make falafel (most commonly called ta'ameya in Egypt and served with fresh tomatoes, tahini sauce and arugula).

• The king of the place is mahallabiye, prepared with rice flour, milk, sugar and rose or orange water, and covered with pistachios and chopped almonds.

Almost as popular are ruz bi laban (rice pudding) and omm ali (layers of pastry with nuts and raisins, soaked in cream and milk and baked in the oven).

Egypt - Culture

• Smoking - Everywhere you go, everyone will smoke.

Smokers are allowed to light their cigarettes anywhere, the only exception being in fast food restaurants, thanks to the initiative of the Ministry of Environment.

• As in most Arab countries, their weekends are between Friday and Saturday.

• This means that tourist attractions are much busier these days than the rest of the week.

We recommend that you do not visit the Pyramids, the Cairo Tower or the Egyptian Museum in Cairo on any of these days. The queues will be torture.

• Modest clothing is a must when visiting mosques. Some places may ask women to cover their hair and will give you a scarf.

Before entering, you will be asked to take off your shoes and leave them with a shoe keeper (give him a tip).

If you want to climb a minaret (tower), take your shoes with you. It is best to avoid visiting mosques during prayer, so as not to disturb the faithful.

• Do you want to take your camera with you? Be prepared to pay for it. Whether you want to take photos or videos, every monument,

temple, tomb and museum you visit will charge a small fee just to take it inside. Expect to pay from 50 to 100 EGP (2.70 - 5.60 USD).


Wrapped in mystery due to the history of the reigns of the pharaohs, with lofty and imposing pyramids, with a predominantly Saharan relief and a warm climate,

Egypt invites you on a journey to know a different world, with habits that fascinate tourists everywhere,

being a destination that successfully combines the pleasure of visiting and discovering the attractions of the place with relaxing on a sun lounger, at the beach, in the breeze.